Chapter III Radio and Television Program Regulation
The news programs referred to in Subparagraph 1, Article 16 of this Act refers to programs of news report, commentary or other forms produced on the factual basis. Government policy information programs refer to items that introduce relevant government measures and achievements.
The contents of the aforementioned programs shall be objective, fair, factual, comprehensive and not of an advertising nature.
The educational and cultural programs referred to in Subparagraph 2, Article 16 of this Act include programs providing information and knowledge of natural sciences, humanity/society, etc., promoting learning opportunities, fostering humanistic literacy, competence of judgment and creativity, democratic literacy and law awareness, facilitating respect for basic human rights, ecological/environmental protection, social education and multicultural understanding and care, helping pursue self actualization, enriching social content, maintaining diversity, inclusiveness, autonomy, innovation and expressing cultures.
The public service programs referred to in Subparagraph 3, Article 16 of this Act refer to weather reports, time reports, emergency notifications, public safety and other social services that involve major public interests subject to the principle of compulsory broadcasting.
The preceding program broadcasted by a radio/television business in times of a natural disaster/a major emergency shall be interrupted from time to time to report measures for meeting with the crisis.
The entertainment programs referred to in Subparagraph 4, Article 16 of this Act refer to programs not included in Subparagraphs 1 to 3 of the same article, such as singing, music, drama, fiction, stories, jokes, riddle-solving, dancing, acrobatic performance, vaudeville and other entertainment performances.
The broadcasting time referred to in Paragraph 1, Article 17 of this Act for a television business is calculated by the total weekly broadcasting time of its affiliated channel.
A professional station or a station with a specific mission shall devote at least 60 percent of its total broadcasting time to the broadcasting of professional and specific programs. The proportion of time allocated to other programs shall be set by radio/television businesses themselves and reported with their detailed justifications and the time limit of implementation to NCC for approval.
The stations themselves shall be responsible for pre-broadcast screening of programs. The audio and video files, manuscript or other pertinent materials shall be kept on file for twenty days for possible reference.
The program schedule of a station shall be filed to a designated database as per items and format specified by NCC five days before broadcast.
To safeguard the rights of the audiences, when a station changes its programming schedule, it shall file to the designated database as stipulated in the preceding paragraph; advance notice of said changes shall be inserted into programming. When a last-minute change is necessary due to disasters, major emergencies, or other major unforeseen circumstances, immediate explanation of the alteration shall be provided.
A station shall maintain a daily program log that records such entries as the titles of each program, the language in which it is broadcast, name(s) of the anchor person(s), the program starting and ending time, the program production unit, a brief summary of its content and the content of advertisements broadcast.
The format of the program log may be determined by respective radio/television businesses themselves, and said log shall be kept on file for two years for possible reference.
A radio station shall announce the name of the station, its call letters and frequency at the start and end of broadcasting, as well as between programs. A brief announcement of the station name shall be made once every half hour during a program, depending on circumstances, to facilitate station identification.
The provisions of the preceding paragraph shall apply mutatis mutandis to television stations and stations with special missions.